- #1. Black pepper
- #2. Cumin
- #3. Turmeric (Top Indian spices)
- #4. Cinamon
- #5. Nutmeg
- #6. Clove
- #7. Saffron
- #8. Mustard Seed
- #9. Asafoetida
- #10. Coriander
- #11. Ginger
The world famous Indian spices – Explained !
11 Most popular Indian spices and their importance
#1. Black pepper
There is no denying that Black Pepper is the king of spices.
India is one of the major producers, consumers and exporters of black pepper in the world.
The leading producers of pepper in India are the southern states – Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.
Cumin has a warm, earthy flavor and aroma with a bit of both sweetness and bitterness.
Gujarat is the single largest producer of cumin in the country accounting for over 60-70% of total production i.e 320 thousand metric tons in fiscal year 2019 and the rest of the output comes from Rajasthan.
#3. Turmeric (Top Indian spices)
Commonly known as Golden Spice. turmeric is a commonly used spice in the Indian kitchen.
Major turmeric producing states in India are the southern states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, the eastern states of Odisha and West Bengal, and the western state of Maharashtra.
Cinnamon is a spice that comes from the inner bark of the tropical Cinnamomum tree.
Among the Indian spices producing regions, cinnamon is known to be cultivated in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
Nutmeg is valued for its sweet aroma especially good combined with cinnamon,
The climatic conditions of Kerala suit nutmeg. Nutmeg is also cultivated in Kanyakumari and Tirunelveli districts of Tamil Nadu.
Has a Strong aroma and hot and pungent in taste, cloves are used to flavour many foods.
Tamil Nadu produced the largest volume of cloves in India. Karnataka followed with Kerala ranking third. The country produced over 1.8 thousand metric tons of cloves that year.
Saffron is considered one of the world’s most expensive spices.
Jammu and Kashmir is the only state in India producing saffron.
#8. Mustard Seed
Most Indian households use mustard seeds or its oil for various purposes.
Uttar Pradesh is a leading mustard producing state of India 60% of total mustard production is from this state. Other than U.P it is grown on a large scale in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, West Bengal.
This is one of the strongest spices with a pungent flavour from India.
In India it is grown in the sub Himalayan region of northern part of India specifically from Jammu and Kashmir and in some parts of Punjab.
The largest producer of coriander seed in the country is Rajasthan accounting for about 58% followed by Madhya Pradesh with about 15%, Assam and Gujarat with 8% each of total coriander seed production in the country.
India is the largest producer of ginger and Assam produced the largest volume of ginger in India.
This stood at nearly 168 thousand metric tons followed by Maharashtra and West Bengal.
The Indian spices benefits for health
- Turmeric is an antioxidant and has been known to fight against cancer. It is also a popular solution when it comes to preventing Alzheimer disease and the inflammation of the body joint. The spice also comes with the benefit of keeping the liver safe by cleansing it from toxins that come with excess alcohol.
- Cinnamon can lower blood sugar by several mechanisms, including by slowing the breakdown of carbs in the digestive tract and improving insulin sensitivity.
- 1 gram of ginger appears to be an effective treatment for many types of nausea. It is also anti-inflammatory and can help reduce pain.
- Benefits of black pepper include relief from respiratory disorders, cough, the common cold, constipation, indigestion, anemia, impotence, dental disease, diarrhea, and heart disease.
- Clove is very helpful in treating throat irritations, digestive disorders like vomiting, and diarrhea.
- Mustard seed can help control symptoms of asthma, packed with B-complex vitamins and help to relieve rheumatoid, arthritic and muscle pain.
- The chemicals in Nutmeg can help release feel-good hormones in the body. Since it lifts your mood it is a great option to help treat stress. It also has anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce redness and pigmentation.
- Saffron is rich in carotenoids that seem to impact immunity. The antioxidants in saffron may play a role in protecting the body from disorders affecting the nervous system.
- Coriander lowers bad cholesterol (LDL) and increases the levels of good cholesterol (HDL). The antiseptic properties help to cure mouth ulcers. It is also good for diabetes patients as it stimulates insulin secretion and lowers blood sugar levels.
- Asafoetida Helps Reduce Bloating And Other Stomach Problems. It fights acne-causing bacteria on the skin. It successfully offers freedom from the most common problem of improper digestion i.e constipation.
Stat to know about Indian Spices
The production volume of spices amounted to over 940 thousand metric tons in the state of Rajasthan in fiscal year 2019, making it the largest producer across India.
Gujarat followed to second with Andhra Pradesh ranking third.
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